Posted by Nicole on 29th August 2011

Causes Of Abdominal Cramping In Second Trimester (Week 13-27) Of Pregnancy

Stomach Cramps In Second Trimester

Because the growing uterus also affects surrounding areas in the abdominal and pelvic cavity, discomfort around these areas become common complaints. Abdominal cramps are expected and are generally harmless. Although not generally detrimental, abdominal cramping whether light or severe can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition. If other symptoms such as spotting, bleeding, vaginal discharge, fever, chills, dysuria, nausea, vomiting, or malaise are experienced, the pregnant mother should seek immediate help.

Light Abdomen Cramping In Week 13-27 Of Pregnancy

When felt during the second trimester, abdominal cramps should be a cause of concern.

It is in during the second trimester that a lot of underlying diseases surface. Light cramping in the second trimester are not necessarily a problem. However if the manifestations become severe and persistent, these may already signal several conditions, such as preeclampsia and infections. On the other hand, a pregnant woman may experience mild cramping during the second trimester which is caused by pain in the ligaments. The ligaments and muscles which support the uterus stretch beyond its usual size. A dull aching sensation is felt throughout the abdomen. It may also be manifested as a sharp stabbing ache at the side of the abdomen. This becomes more pronounced upon rising from a sitting position, or when the woman coughs. This is generally a simple problem, and can be relieved with the use of warm baths and maternity belts.

Causes Of Stomach Cramps In Week 13 – Week 27 Of Pregnancy

Frequent moderate cramping may also indicate false labor, or Braxton-Hicks contractions. These are irregular tightening and stretching of the uterus muscles. It is usually painless, and occurs intermittently.

Serious problems which cause abdominal cramping in pregnancy include:

  • Ectopic pregnancy: When a fertilized egg gets lost and implants on the fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancy occurs.
    It may be manifested initially as abdominal cramping.
  • Preterm labor: Symptoms such as abdominal pain, contractions, menstrual-like cramping, low back pain, and an increase in vaginal discharge are observed.
  • Preeclampsia: High blood pressure, accompanied by protein in the urine affect a lot of organs, including the brain, kidneys, liver, and placenta. This is usually present in some cases after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Intense pain felt on the upper abdomen, together with a severe headache and a variety of visual disturbances.
  • Urinary tract infections: Pain in the abdomen, pelvic area, and lower back are usually experienced along with discomfort in voiding.
  • Placental abruption: When the placenta separates from its implantation in the uterus, the first sign felt is a menstrual-like cramping. Frequent contractions, back pain, and tenderness usually accompany this condition.

Relieve Abdomen Cramping In Pregnant Women

On the onset of cramping, the pregnant woman should try to move around and see if the cramping experienced can be relieved by simple walking exercise. If the woman experiences relief after doing so, then the cause of cramping is normal. If not, there is no other choice but to seek immediate medical help.

    1 Response

  1. Sine says:

    I came home from work yesterday and felt nausea, headache, some dizziness and had chills. I later developed trapped wind in my chest and around to my back. Then in the night I was woken by a different pain in my upper stomach that reoccurred every few minutes for the whole night. I am 25 weeks pregnant, is this a cause for concern?

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