Posted by Nicole on 14th July 2011

Malnutrition During Pregnancy Effects, Complications and Dangers

Pregnant women should always understand that whatever they are experiencing in their body, most often than not, the baby is directly or indirectly affected. This holds true in malnutrition – if the mother is malnourished, then the baby will also be malnourished. Now, the baby takes its nutrients for growth from the mother; thus, malnutrition has direct effect on the baby.

Complications In Malnourished Pregnant Women

  • A person, no matter what age or even if still an unborn child, needs the right amount of nutrients for proper growth. Thus, malnutrition is a significant issue when it comes to pregnancy.
  • Any pregnant woman should understand that although every pregnancy is unique, all babies would need all the nutrients, vitamins, and minerals from the mother. This is for proper growth and development.
  • Malnourished women have been shown to deliver babies with low birth weight and size. They might even deliver the baby prematurely.
  • Also, malnutrition has indirect effects on labor, making it more difficult in malnourished women.
  • Now, the malnutrition issues in pregnancy have long-term effects on the baby. It does not stop at birth when the baby will presumably, get the nutrients it needs for further growth. In fact, malnutrition causes some of the following long-term problems on the baby:
    • Weak immune system
    • Lesser height and slower growth
    • Low levels of stamina and energy
    • Greater risks for contracting illnesses
    • Possibility of having lower IQ and cognitive impairment
    • Thus, it is crucial that the woman should get enough nutrition during the entire course of her pregnancy, no matter if morning sickness keeps her from eating all the right kinds of foods. There should be a way to compensate for any lost nutrients and vitamins.

Danger Signs and Effects of Malnutrition During Pregnancy

The following are some of the possible signs that a pregnant woman is malnourished:

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Hair loss
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Hypertension
  • Weight loss even when the belly is growing
  • Severe sensitivity to cold weather
  • Hair loss
  • Having dry or scaly skin that could crack in some portions
  • Swollen gums and decaying teeth
  • Poor immune system, becoming more prone to ailments
  • Having an impaired memory and concentration or attention trouble

Although some of these are also considered as pregnancy symptoms, it is better to understand the line between what is normal in pregnancy and what is severe.

No comments yet!

Post your comments